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North Korea Faces Worst Drought In A Century

Courtesy of the BBC, a report on North Korea’s drought crisis:

A rice paddy is parched and cracked from a long drought in Paju, north of Seoul, South Korea, 11 June 2015
The drought has reportedly also hit rice paddies in parts of South Korea

North Korea says it is facing its worst drought in a century, sparking fears of worsening food shortages.

State news agency KCNA said main rice-growing provinces had been badly affected and more than 30% of rice paddies were “parching up”.

Hundreds of thousands of North Koreans are believed to have died during a widespread famine in the 1990s.

This drought is unlikely to be as deadly because of recent agricultural reforms, correspondents say.

The United Nations World Food Programme says North Korea regularly faces significant food shortages and currently about a third of children in the country are malnourished.

It is unusual for North Korea to talk openly of its shortages so the very appearance of the report in state media is significant. It indicates the situation is serious, and it may well indicate that North Korea wants outside help. The report of drought coincides with the release of two South Korean prisoners from North Korean custody, and that may underline the desire of the North to elicit sympathy and more tangible aid.

Polls in South Korea indicate conflicting views – most people support aid to the North but some also question why South Korea should help a country developing nuclear weapons targeted at the very donors of aid. In the last 10 years, the willingness of other countries to aid North Korea has diminished greatly as Pyongyang has developed nuclear weapons. Spending by UN agencies there has fallen from $300m a year in 2004 to the current $50m.

North Korea suffered serious famine in the 1990s. Since then, farmers have been given greater freedom to sell on the market and output has risen. However, no water for rice today means no rice for bowls tomorrow.

Spring crop damage

KCNA said rice planting had finished in more than 441,560 hectares of paddy fields “but at least 136,200 hectares of them are parching up”.

It said paddy fields in South Hwanghae and North Hwanghae provinces were particularly badly hit, with up to 80% of rice seedlings drying up in some areas.

It said South Phyongan and South Hamgyong were also “badly affected”.

“Water levels of reservoirs stand at their lowest, while rivers and streams [are] getting dry,” the news agency said.

It added that it was planting other crops in rice paddy fields of drought-stricken areas to “reduce damage”.

Denmark’s ambassador to North and South Korea, Thomas Lehman, told Reuters that he had visited drought-hit areas in the North in May.

“The lack of water has created a lot of damage to the so-called spring crop, and the rice planting is extremely difficult without sufficient water,” he said.

Last year the country saw its lowest rainfall in 30 years.

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North Korea’s troubles

  • Average per capita income of $1,000-$2,000 (£640-£1,280) per year, compared to more than $20,000 in South Korea.
  • Suffered famine from 1995 to 1997 after series of droughts and floods
  • Almost a third of children under five are stunted by malnutrition, says UN
  • About 20% of pregnant and breast-feeding women also malnourished
  • More than two million people receiving help from UN World Food Programme
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For this reason, food shortages caused by the current drought are unlikely to be on the same scale, he says.

Other countries, including South Korea, regularly send aid to the North. In April the UN called for $111m (£71m) to fund humanitarian activities in food, nutrition, agriculture and sanitation.

North Korea is heavily sanctioned under UN resolutions for its nuclear and missile tests dating back to 2006.

 

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North Korean leader Kim Jong-un was pictured visiting a farm earlier this month
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