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Pakistan’s Water Crisis

Via Pakistan’s Technology Times, commentary on Pakistan’s water crisis:

Water crisis are threatening Pakistan as the country faces a serious water crisis as per capita water availability falls due to gradual unavailability of freshwater supplies and the rising demands of the country’s expanding population.

As per the National Annual Plan 2019-20, during the last 71 years, the per capita availability of water in Pakistan has come down to an alarming level of 935 cubic meters from 5,260 cubic metres.

If an immediate water storage strategy is not applied, the per capita water availability in Pakistan would decline to 860 cubic meters by 2025.

It would continue to lower to 500 cubic meters by 2040 if and only if strong measures are not taken to conserve water.

As per international standards, annually a country is supposed to have 1,800 cubic metres of water per person, while a level below than 1,000 cubic metres means that a country faces shortage of water.

Sadly, merely 36% Pakistanis have access to safe drinking water and 21 million people travel long distances to get water.

Out of 167 countries in the world, Pakistan is ranked 23rd which face water scarcity.

A country also needs to have forests on 25% of its total land in order to avoid the negative impact of the climate change.

But sadly, the country only has 5.01% forest cover and 27,000 hectares of area is being lost annually due to the cutting of trees, this is according to the Pakistan Forest Institute,

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The annual plan report stated that several projects had been launched in the country to reverse the effects of climate change which includes the 10-Billion Tree Tsunami Project, Green Pakistan Programme and others.

A Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) project has been launched to prevent the melting of glaciers, which is being funded by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) – world’s largest dedicated fund helping developing countries reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and enhance their ability to respond to climate change.

According to the annual plan, GLOF Plan-II, transition to climate-smart agriculture, green buildings, rainwater harvesting, mangroves rehabilitation and protection and other projects had been on the government’s priority.

The Prime Minister’s new Committee on Climate Change also behaves as a forum to talk on environmental issues and spread awareness.

The committee has been created to prioritize the issue of global warming and to have more stakeholders participate wholeheartedly in the present government’s initiatives, such as Clean Green Pakistan, and the building up of climate change as a concept.

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The committee envisions for clean environment, clean cities, clean air, clean schools, and motivating green buildings and appliances across the country.

It provides the highest level of strategic guidance and a platform to coordinate efforts across the country. The focus in this regard is on streamlining and facilitating the implementation of national and international obligations.

Simultaneously, the UN-backed Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated that the glaciated areas in the world would shrink by 20-28% by 2050 due to global warming and the population around the world would reach 9.1 billion during this period.

IPCC warned that the world had 12 years or until 2030 to reverse global warming. It also pointed out that the global temperatures would rise by 5 degrees Celsius by 2100.



This entry was posted on Monday, June 22nd, 2020 at 9:21 am and is filed under Pakistan.  You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed.  You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site. 

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